What are the Spondylolisthesis Symptoms?

Spondylosis or spinal spondylosis is spinal degeneration and deformity of the joint(s) of two or more vertebrae that commonly occurs with aging. The aging process is usually responsible for the narrowing of two or more vertebrae, compressing the nerve emerging from the spinal cord. The result is severe pain in the neck and shoulder, arms, legs and also weakness in the muscles. Spondylosis can also manifest in weakness of the whole body, loss of balance, loss of bladder and/or bowel control. Some patients with spondylosis experience an occurrence of distress in the legs and hands but these cases are rare.
If spondylosis occurs in the vertebrae of the neck it is called Cervical Spondylosis. Lumbar Spondylosis is the spondylosis of the lower back.

What are the Symptoms of Spondylolisthesis?
The expression spondylolisthesis was derived from the Greek "spondylo" for vertebrae and "olisthesis" for slip.
In simple terms, spondylolisthesis describes the displacement of a vertrebra or the vertebral column in relation to the vertebrae below. The Belgian obstetrician, Dr.Herbinaux described in 1782 as the first one the symptoms of Spondylolisthesis.
A hangman's fracture is a specific type of spondylolisthesis where the C1 vertebra is displaced anteriorly relative to the C2 vertebra due to fractures of the C2 vertebra's pedicles.

The symptoms of Spondylolisthesis can reach from no symptoms to similar symptoms seen with a herniated disc. These symptoms are: mild to severe leg pain, numbness or a tingling sensation in the feet and legs and muscle weakness of the legs. Furthermore cases with numbness around the genital area or problems with the bowel or bladder function should see a doctor as soon as possible since these symptoms could be a sign of Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) a severe neurologic condition with an acute loss of function. Children with intermittent back pain may suffer from spondylolisthesis mainly when hyperextending the back. For more information see our Lower Back Pain Self Diagnosis.

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS; also known as Bechterew's disease; Bechterew syndrome; Marie Strümpell disease/Spondyloarthritis) is a chronic, painful, degenerative inflammatory arthritis primarily affecting spine and sacroiliac joints, causing eventual fusion of the spine; it is a member of the group of the autoimmune spondyloarthropathies with a probable genetic predisposition. Complete fusion results in a complete rigidity of the spine, a condition known as bamboo spine.
It is characterized by "bent forward" posture. May have generic risk.
Early symptoms: RE-occuring lower back pain, pain along the sciatic nerve that can go from buttocks to the leg and foot, and stiffness upon rising in the morning.
Advancing stage:
Pain spreads from lower back up to the middle and/or higher in the neck, there can also be pain in the arms and legs, fatigue, muscle rigidity and more stiffness, anemia, weight loss.
Ninety percent occurs in males from age twenty to forty.
A regular treatment routine involves pills, exercise and probably physio therapy, good posture practices, and other treatment options such as applying heat/cold to help loosen up muscles and ease joint pain, or ice packs to reduce inflammation. In severe cases of AS, surgery may also be an option.
In recent years, progress has been made in the treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) and associated ailments. There is alot that can be done to alleviate the pain and inflexibility of AS and new studies prove that Pulsed Magnetic Field Therapy can potentially slow or halt the disease progression in some people.

The Treatment of Spondylolisthesis 
Certain safety methods, in particular for people in deskbound occupations, are required to alleviate and prevent spondylolisthesis. The most important of these is exercise, which improves the supply of nutrients to spinal discs, thereby delaying the process of wear and tear that comes with age and sooner or later affects everyone. Safe workout includes walking, bicycling and swimming. Bicycling should be done in an upright position.

The treatment of spondylolisthesis depends on the type of vertebra slip, the person's age, and the advanced progress of the disease. The treatment can range from observation by a physician to a spine surgery. If the slip is small and can easily be corrected, an occasional examination is sufficient. In more severe cases where the vertebra slip is major the danger the last resort can be a surgery. Orthopedic surgeons may recommend surgery if a patient have symptoms of nerve compression.

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The Treatment of Spinal Spondylosis
Mild cases of Spondylosis can be treated with traction treatment to relief the pressure of the nerve. Also Pulsed Magnetic Field Therapy should be applied before and after the traction treatment to reduce the inflammation in the affected area. If the traction treatment failed doctors advise surgery. In a surgery the pressure of the affected nerves will be eliminated in order to get relief from back pain and leg pain. However, statistic proves that a certain percentage of spondylosis surgery is less successful and the back problem continues.

X-ray of the lateral lumbar spine with a grade III spondylolisthesis at the
L5-S1 level.

X-ray of a grade 4 spondylolisthesis at L5-S1 with spinal misalignment indicated
An ankylosing spine in which the vertebrae become fused together.

Ankylosing Spondylitis, Symptoms and Advancement of Degeneration